Thursday, February 28, 2013

Linux Command

Linux Command

Here is Linux commands. The most common Linux commands are shown below :
Linux is Case-Sensitive !, it means uppercase and lowercase are different !

$ id : print real and effective UIDs and GIDs.

$ date : print current date and time.
$ cal : print current month calendar.
$ cal 9 2002 : print calendar for September 2002
$ cal -y : print current one year calendar

$ hostname : show linux hostname
$ uname : show the name of current system.
$ uname -r : print the kernel release.
$ uname -a : print all basic information of current system.

$ w : show who logged on and what they are doing now.
$ who : show who currently logged in.
$ whoami : print current login session username.

$ man : open manual.
$ man <command> : open manual. 
$ man -k <keyword> : search manual of related keyword.

$ cd <directory> : change directory.
$ cd /etc : change directory to /etc

$ chfn <usename> : change finger information.
$ finger <username> : print finger information.

$ clear : clear terminal window.

$ aproposcommand to search the man page files in Unix and Unix-like operating systems.
$ whatis : command to search the man page with complete words

$ ls : display current folder content.
$ ls -a : display current folder content including hidden folder.

$ mv : move file.
$ rm : remove file.
$ rmdir : remove empty directory.

*i will update this post

Sunday, February 24, 2013

Install NVIDIA Driver Backtrack 5

Install NVIDIA Driver Backtrack 5


Before install, make sure you've been downloaded NVIDIA Driver. If not download here nvidia.com.
So, let's begin, Internet Connection Needed

First you must install kernel sources, to know your kernel version type this in terminal:

uname -r

I have

2.6.38

Then, use apt-get install :


apt-get install linux-source-2.6.38


or

apt-get install linux-source-'uname-r'

next, go to /usr/src/ with :

cd /usr/src

see what inside :

ll or ls

You must have :

linux-source-2.6.38.tar.bz2

we need to unpack that file :

tar -xvf linux-source-2.6.38.tar.bz2

look again what inside,  you must have :


drwxr-xr-x 25 root root weight date linux-source-2.6.38/
-rw-r--r--  1 root root weight date linux-source-2.6.38.tar.bz2

Next you need to configure :

cd linux-source-2.6.38
make config


or for GUI :

make menuconfig

Now, let's Compile the source (This will take much time, so be patient) :

type this on your source-directory

make

once, done type

make install

Now you can install nvidia driver, but before you install you'll need to close your Xserver session by pressing :

CTRL+ALT+F1

after you entered first console, you need to press  :

CTRL+C

and Xserver will close.

Now for the main part, Installing NVIDIA Driver  (You need to enter your kernel source directory):


sh NVIDIA-Linux-x86-260.19.44.run --kernel-source-path /usr/src/linux-source-2.6.38

Now you've you NVIDIA driver installed.

If you get problem just ask me.

Wednesday, February 20, 2013

How to set-up Ad-hoc connection in Windows 8 ?


In Windows 7 we can easily create ad-hoc connection, just few clicks we can create ad-hoc connection. In Windows 8 feature to create ad-hoc like Windows 7 does not exist, But the ability does exist, it just little hard to achieve. In this article, i will show you the guide to create ad-hoc in Windows 8 :

Step 1 : Launch Command Prompt under administrator mode.

Step 2 : Run the command below to verify that your network interface supports ad-hoc :

netsh wlan show driver


If it says yes, you are good. if not you must upgrade your hardware or maybe update software driver.

Step 3 : Now run this following command to create ad-hoc network (replace markup tags with your own choices) :

netsh wlan set hostednetwork mode=allow ssid=<enter_network_name_here> key=<enter_password_here>


Step 4 : Your hosted network has been created. But, before you can use it you must start the service first. Your this following command :

netsh wlan start hostednetwork


Step 5 : Now you can check your ad-hoc on other device. To STOP just run this command :

netsh wlan stop hostednetwork




Monday, February 18, 2013

Tips for searching on Google

Tips while Searching on Google


Searching file on google is very easy, but sometimes what we want to find is not appropriate with what we want. Therefore i give you some tips finding file on google.

1.Filetype
Filetype useful when we search a file with an extension on google, like PDF,DOC,PPT,TXT,etc.
example filetype:pdf "computer history"



2.Define
Define useful for search definition from word / phrases. example: define: computer history.

3. "keyword"
With add (" ") in your keyword google will search it with phrases form. sometimes without using (" ") keyword will split into 2 word. first word will show as top priority. example: "random access memory" 

4. site
site useful when you want to search in a specific result. for example: random access memory site:wikipedia.org , then google will show result from wikipedia.org only.





Saturday, February 16, 2013

Run multiple Applications with single click


To open multiple Applications with single click, you can use batch file(.bat), just type this on notepad :


start "" "path program"
exit

for example, i want to open Mozilla and Windows Media Player at the same time :


start "" "C:\Program Files\Mozilla Firefox\firefox.exe""
start "" "C:\Program Files\Windows Media Player\wmplayer.exe"
exit





then save it with .bat format on your desktop. before you save change change "Save as type" to all files.


Friday, February 15, 2013

Classic Shell

"get back your classic startmenu"

Classic Shell, not only present the startmenu, Classic Shell also present the Classic Windows Interface to your Windows 8 and to older version too. This application will install start menu if user select "start menu option" on installation. Classic Shell has tons of features you can tweak.One main point of Classic Shell is that it successfully rebinds your Start key. Careful when installing, Classic Shell not just a Start menu replacement, and if you're not careful you will installing Classic IE and Classic Explorer. 

You can Download it here Link 


screenshot






Thursday, February 14, 2013

Windows 7 USB/DVD Download Tool

"Install your Windows from usb stick"



The title might say Windows 7, but don't get confused you can use this tool on your Windows 8. With this tool you can simply install Windows from your usb stick without any confusing commands. Just a few click your usb stick is ready for installation. This tool is useful when you're trying to install on netbook or when you're having issue with your dvd-rom. 

Download here : Microsoft
mirror : SoftpediaSoftonicCnet

before use this tool you must have Windows .iso file, after that you can follow this step :


2. Click browse, then search your .iso file.


3. Click usb device,  then select your usb device (Minimum 4GB), Click begin copying

4. wait till all files copied, for next step you've already know it.

Happy Testing !

Wednesday, February 13, 2013

How to Speed up your Computer.

 How to Speed up your Computer ?


First time when we buy a new computer or reinstall our computer operating system, our computer was fast and finally after few months (or years maybe) our computer is slower than before. Sometimes we got annoyed  by our computer itself. To speed up your computer, I will give you some tips to speeding it up :


1. Remove unnecessary programs


No need long explanations, we all know more programs we've installed it will slow down your computer. You can uninstall it from control panel.


2. Remove unnecessary service


Too many running service can slow down your computer , even can make your computer not responding too. You can remove some unnecessary service by using task manager by pressing CTRL+SHIFT+ESC or right click on taskbar then click task manager. On task manager windows click details tab, then right click on process you want to close and click end task.



on older version of windows, open task manager, then click process tab, right click process you want to close, then end process.



3. Delete all files on prefetch folder and temp folder


What is prefetch folder ? 
The Prefetcher is a component of versions of Microsoft Windows starting with Windows XP..It is a component of the Memory Manager that speeds up the Windows boot process, and shortens the amount of time it takes to start up programs.

What is temporary folder ?
In computing, a temporary folder or temporary directory is a directory used to hold temporary files. Many operating systems and some software automatically delete the contents of this directory at bootup or at regular intervals.

Deleting files on prefect and temp folder can speed up your pc. Folder location for prefetch is C:\Windows\Prefetch,  for temp folder C:\Windows\Temp


4. Free up some disk space


Too many files, can slow down read-write process. You can get disk space by deleting unnecessary files or by using disk clean-up, first right click on drive you want to clean, then click disk cleanup. On disk cleanup Windows check all files you want to delete and click ok. For alternatives you can use utilities software like Ccleaner or Tune-up utilities, It's more effective than default disk-cleanup.


5. Repair your Registry


What is Registry ?
The Windows Registry is a hierarchical database that stores configuration settings and options on Microsoft Windows operating systems. It contains settings for low-level operating system components and for applications running on the platform that have opted to use the registry. 

To repair registry you can find Registry fixer on the internet, there is so many registry fixer on the net,  for example use Ccleaner or Tune-up.


6. Adjust Visual Effects for Better Performance


Windows have some interesting visual effect that can make your desktop look beautiful, but too many visual effect can impact your windows performance. To adjust visual effect go to System (right click My Computer > Properties), then click Advanced System Settings. On System Properties Windows, click Advanced tab and click settings on performance. There you can check and unchecked unnecessary effect, and click ok.


7. Defrag your drive


Defrag your drive can give more performance, especially for read-write process. To defrag you can use default Windows disk defragmenter, or by use third-party software, there is so many software like that. 




8. Remove unnecessary start-up programs


If your pc boot-up slowly, you might check your start-up programs, maybe there is too many programs to start by your computer. to remove press Windows+R  then type "msconfig" without quotes. Click startup tab, then check or unchecked unnecessary start-up.

On Windows 8 there is a bit difference, to edit start-up items, just open task manager then click startup tab.


9. Scan your PC from virus, spyware, malware, and adware.


A computer virus is a computer program that can replicate itself and spread from one computer to another. The term "virus" is also commonly, but erroneously, used to refer to other types of malware, including but not limited to adware and spyware programs that do not have a reproductive ability. Virus might be a small program but can harm your computer, Virus may cause a real big problem for your pc.

Spyware is software that aids in gathering information about a person or organization without their knowledge and that may send such information to another entity without the consumer's consent, or that asserts control over a computer without the consumer's knowledge

Malware, short for malicious (or malevolent) software, is software used or created by attackers to disrupt computer operation, gather sensitive information, or gain access to private computer systems.

Adware, or advertising-supported software, is any software package which automatically renders advertisements in order to generate revenue for its author. The advertisements may be in the user interface of the software or on a screen presented to the user during the installation process.

I will add some tips again later.

WindowsAndroid "Lets Android run on Windows"

WindowsAndroid



WindowsAndroid is Android running with Windows kernel!
It does not run by a simulator (such as VirtualBox), it's on real machine, so it's fast!
It keeps full Android capabilities. You can run all Android apps, including 3D games!

ScreenShot






More Info :


Even wonder what it would be like to play Android apps and games on your Windows laptop or desktop? Well Socketeq has got a solution. Socketeq, a Beijing based start-up company, has put together a system called WindowsAndroid that takes the Android OS and lets it run naively (unlike Bluestacks which only emulates Android) on the Windows kernel (Vista, Window 7 or Windows 8) instead of Linux.

Not only does this run Ice Cream Sandwich smoothly but it allows you to run it in the appropriate tablet or smartphone UI, and works fully with the mouse and keyboard as well. Those of you who have a new Windows 8 machine with a touchscreen will be able to take advantage of that feature and should make you feel right at home. However, remember this is not a full release so don't be surprised if you do encounter some glitches or bugs while your using it.

WindowsAndroid is still in development and there is no Google Play Store yet but you are able to side-load apps by placing the .APK files in the WindowsAndroid root\data\app directory and then restarting the program. Again, it is a work in progress so don't expect every app you try to load to work perfectly. After all some apps don't even work on actual Android devices that they were designed to work for.

All in all you will find things like a calculator and calendar features will work and you can even use Android's browser to surf the net and change wallpapers as well as run games and apps. Obviously for gaming a touchscreen Windows 8 machine is ideal but you can also play them using a mouse. If you want to play around with the early build you can head over to Socketeg site and click on download to try it out for free.




Saturday, February 9, 2013

EasyBCD. GUI boot loader editor.

EasyBCD


"Dual-boot with anything you could want"


EasyBCD allows you to create a multiboot environment in order to run multiple operating systems on the same computer. The application also features BCD (Boot Configuration Data) Backup / Repair utilities that provide users with the possibility to reset the BCD configuration or to recreate and repair boot files.

Download link for Community Edition, not for commercial use !

Softpedia



1. Open command prompt in admin mode.

2. Type this on command prompt :
bcdedit /create {ntldr} /d "Windows XP"

3. Set the Windows XP parition, mine is D:\.
bcdedit /set {ntldr} device partition=D:

4. Set the ntldr. it usually on \ntldr.
bcdedit /set {ntldr} path \ntldr

5. Last step
bcdedit /displayorder {ntldr} /addlast

If you get confused you can use EasyBCD.